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Title          
 Combustion Instability in Liquid Rocket Engin... 
 
Abstract
 Work on liquid rocket engine combustion instabilities began in the early 1940s (Culick and Yang 1995). One of the most critical concepts in liquid rocket combustion instability, that of time lag (as a coordinating factor in influencing organized oscillations in liquid rocket combustion chambers) originated around this time in von Kármán‟s group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory around 1941 (cf. Summerfield 1951) shortly after oscillations were observed in early tests in liquid rocket engines in the United States. The essential idea was that there existed a finite time delay when an element of propellant entered the combustor and when heat was released from it. This delay controlled the phasing between heat release and pressure oscillations thereby making the system stable or unstable as per Rayleigh‟s criteria. In the years that followed, this model was applied to various studies involving combustion instability in liquid rocket engines. Gunder and Friant (1950), Yachter (1951) and Summerfield (1951) analyzed low frequency chugging instability arising from the interaction between feed system and combustion process using a constant time lag model. Crocco (1951;1952) introduced the time varying combustion time lag and use...
 
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Added By - A Ghosh
Subject - Aeronautics and Astronautics
Document Type - Literature Review
 
 
   
   

 

Title          
 Rayleigh criteria and Combustion Instability 
 
Abstract
 A short literature review on Rayleigh's Criteria is provided. This criteria is widely used in mechanical and aerospace engineering areas to understand the phenomena of combustion instability. In continuously running combustion systems where combustion occurs inside a volume of relatively low losses, small amplitude pressure disturbance and small amplitude heat release fluctuations can couple with each other in a positive feedback loop leading to very large amplitude pressure oscillations often ending up in limit cycle oscillations. Such oscillations are detrimental to the combustion system (power or propulsion) for it exposes the system to large mechanical fatigue, thermal loads and can lead to catastrophic failures.
 
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Added By - A Ghosh
Subject - Aeronautics and Astronautics
Document Type - Literature Review
 
 
   
   

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